Oct 22, 2021  
2013-2014 Undergraduate Catalog 
    
2013-2014 Undergraduate Catalog [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

Course Descriptions


Course descriptions include the following elements:

Course Code,  Number, and Titles: The course code indicates the department or program in which the course is housed. The course number indicates the level at which the course should be taken. Generally, first-year students take 100-level courses; sophomores, 200-level; juniors, 300-level; and seniors, 400-level. Students are required to limit course selection to courses not more than one level above their class standing. First-year students are not permitted to enroll in 400-level courses. Undergraduate students who need 12 or fewer semester credits to complete all baccalaureate degree requirements may request permission from the Director of Graduate Studies to take courses for graduate credit to complete a regular course load during the semester of  graduation. However, undergraduate students may not enroll in courses at the 600-level or 700-level.

Credits: The number of semester hours of credit given upon completion of the course.

Course Content: A brief description of subject matter gives students an idea of what to expect in the course.

Prerequisites: If required or recommended, a prerequisite is either a course that must be completed prior to enrolling in the course or some other requirement that must be met prior to enrolling in the course.

Grading Method: If a course is offered on a grade-only or pass/no credit-only basis, that status is included in the course description. A department’s general pass/no credit policy is included in its listing of program requirements. Students should check the policy before enrolling in a course on a pass/no credit basis.

Frequency of Offering: Course descriptions may indicate how often the course is offered.

Note:

◎= Oral Intensive

◆ = Math/Critical Analysis Intensive

△ = Writing Intensive

✽ = Physical Development and Wellness Graduation Requirement

 

Business Administration

  
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    BUSA 486 - Independent Studies in Business


    (1-3 S.H.)

    Offers the advanced student an opportunity to do additional reading and/or research in areas of special interest. Total credits may not exceed 6 S.H. Prerequisites for College of Business majors and minors: Admission to the College of Business. Prerequisites for non-College of Business majors and minors:  Junior standing and instructor’s permission. Grade only.
  
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    BUSA 491 - Independent Studies in Business


    (1-3 S.H.)

    Offers the advanced student an opportunity to do additional reading and/or research in areas of special interest. Total credits may not exceed 6 S.H. Prerequisites for College of Business BS majors and minors: Admission to the College of Business. Prerequisites for all other majors and minors: Junior standing and instructor’s permission. Grade only.
  
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    BUSA 491 - Seminar in Business Law


    (3 S.H.)

    An advanced analysis of current legal issues. Focus of the course to be determined by the instructor and announced in class schedule. Prerequisites for College of Business BS majors and minors: Admission to the College of Business. Prerequisites for all other majors and minors: Junior standing and instructor’s permission. Grade only.

Business Education

  
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    BUED 201 - Keyboarding


    (1 S.H.)

    Computer keyboarding proficiency and mastery are developed with skill building and proofreading techniques. Technique, speed, and accuracy are emphasized.
  
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    BUED 202 - Introduction to Word/Information Processing


    (3 S.H.)

    Knowledge and application of word processing, spreadsheet and database software for personal use. Includes problem-solving and production using integrated software. Prerequisites:   or equivalent.
  
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    BUED 203 - Document Production and Procedures


    (2 S.H.)

    Fundamental word processing software knowledge and skills are developed for personal and business uses. Current input devices and methods, such as voice and slate, are included. Prerequisites: BUED 201 - Keyboarding  or equivalent. Offered yearly.
  
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    BUED 215 - Personal Finance


    (3 S.H.)

    For all students. Units focus on the major personal financial planning problems that individuals and families encounter. Emphasis on using the activity involved with personal financial planning as a framework for developing effective money management practices. Consumer units include budgets, banking, tax strategies, investments, credit, insurance, real estate, interest, pensions, and estate and retirement planning. Offered each semester.
  
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    BUED 218 - Job Search Strategies: Resumé


    (1 S.H.)

    An examination of job search strategies with emphasis on the written and oral communications necessary to market one’s potential. Special focus on developing a competitive resumé, Offered each semester.
  
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    BUED 219 - Job Search Strategies: Application Letter and Interview


    (1 S.H.)

    An examination of job search strategies with emphasis on the written and oral communications necessary to market one’s potential. Special focus is placed on developing effective application correspondence, follow-up correspondence, and interviewing techniques. Offered each semester.
  
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    BUED 320 - Business Technology


    (3 S.H.)

    Intermediate design principles for print-based documents and computer-generated outputs such as word processing, database, spreadsheets, and use of presentation and voice recognition technology. Publishing features will be used to enhance materials graphically for more effective communication. Prerequisites: BUED 203 - Document Production and Procedures  or equivalent.
  
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    BUED 330 - Advanced Business Technology


    (3 S.H.)

    Expert concepts of word processing, database, spreadsheets, and use of presentation and voice recognition technology. Provides a vocabulary and understanding of computers in business, including business application software. Prerequisites: BUED 203 - Document Production and Procedures  and BUED 320 - Business Technology  or equivalent. Offered yearly.
  
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    BUED 332 - Business Report Writing


    (1-2 S.H.)

    Principles and practices for effective written reports. Emphasis on a functional writing style applied to routine, periodic and analytical reports. Includes formal reports based on secondary and primary research methods.
  
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    △ BUED 333 - Business Communication


    (3 S.H.)

    The application of a functional writing style to produce effective business communications: Memos, correspondence, and short informal reports. Includes basics of communication management, communication technology, intercultural business communication, and collaborative organizational writing. Offered yearly.
  
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    △ BUED 335 - Information Resource Management


    (3 S.H.)

    A study of information and image media systems, and the structures and functions related to the planning, controlling, organizing, and leadership activities of the information and image systems manager. Image media as information storage include paper, micrographics, computer-output microfilm, and electronic as well as other forms of information generation, recording, and storage. Focuses on image technology, computer-based records management systems, archival management, forms design, control policies and procedures, legal retention requirements, disaster prevention and recovery, information value and security, and information as a critical organizational asset. Offered yearly.
  
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    BUED 336 - Information Services Seminars


    (1 S.H.)

    A series of seminars to include such topics as time management, administrative workplace layout, interpersonal relations, microcomputer applications in the administrative area, active listening, and applied problem-solving.
  
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    BUED 340 - Integrated Information Systems Applications


    (3 S.H.)

    Information management systems concepts for the user and/or designer of information systems; systems analysis design system outputs, inputs, data files, methods and procedures, and systems and procedures analysis. Includes software applications. Overview and introduction to networking technologies and foundations of local area networks. Prerequisites: BUED 203 - Document Production and Procedures  or equivalent. Offered yearly.
  
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    BUED 350 - Quality of Work Life


    (3 S.H.)

    Focuses on a quality of work life approach to diversity in the workplace including gender, cultural, age, social, racial, and ethnic differences. Examines professional and interpersonal dynamics within organizational cultures, human resource values and politics. Includes leadership styles and career enhancement strategies. An experiential approach to attitudinal and professional development. Offered alternate years.
  
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    BUED 360 - Interpersonal Business Relations


    (3 S.H.)

    Confronting and coping with interpersonal problems specific to the business environment. Focus is on strategies for managing productive work relationships. Includes leadership styles, power and authority, listening and feedback skills, conflict resolution, relating to minority groups, and multicultural business relationships. Offered yearly.
  
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    BUED 397 - Information Services Internship


    (3 S.H.)

    Practical administrative management work experience in a supervised workplace setting. Prerequisites: Contact BUED faculty for requirements. P/NC only. Offered each semester.
  
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    BUED 398 - Training & Development Internship


    (3 S.H.)

    An on-the-job supervised work experience in training and development. Prerequisites: Contact BUED faculty for requirements. P/NC only. Offered each semester.
  
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    BUED 399 - General Internship


    (1-6 S.H.)

    On-the-job supervised work experience in administrative information systems. Credit applies to general electives, not to major credits/requirements. Prerequisites: Contact BUED faculty for requirements. P/NC only. Offered each semester.
  
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    ◎ BUED 401 - General Methods and Foundations


    (3 S.H.)

    A course for business teacher preparation in the methods and materials of business education. Topics include philosophical foundations of business education, general curriculum trends, and instructional change. Focuses on the refinement of teaching abilities and competencies required in the teaching of business law, consumer education, general business, and economics. Open only to Business Education teaching majors/minors. Recommended prerequisites: EFRT 305 - Human Development and Learning: Secondary  and ◆ EFRT 312 - Instructional Planning and Assessment: Secondary . Grade only. Offered yearly.
  
  
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    ◎ BUED 410 - Administrative Communication


    (3 S.H.)

    Leadership communication for personnel at all organizational levels. An emphasis on spoken communication includes such topics as persuasive proposals, presentations, and case analysis; meeting management; visual briefing; and multimedia and communication technology applications. Offered yearly.
  
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    BUED 412 - Team Building


    (1-3 S.H.)

    Introduces teamwork concepts and skills as a collaborative approach to improved performance. Covers structural and process attributes of teams with the objective of enhancing team leader and participant effectiveness; focuses on designing and implementing an effective system, blending individual and team performance. Team participation skills applied to collaborative class activities. Offered yearly.
  
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    BUED 434 - Word/Information Processing for Paralegals


    (3 S.H.)

    Knowledge of word/information processing in the paralegal profession. Includes information processing software and legal research using the Internet. Prerequisites: Basic keyboarding proficiency. Grade only. Note: Not open to Business Education majors.
  
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    BUED 435 - Information Systems/Personnel Management


    (3 S.H.)

    The study of effective management for the information function in organizations and principles of administrative personnel management. Focuses on the feasibility, design, justification, implementation, and evaluation of administrative information systems. Administrative policies and procedures applied to personnel issues, recruitment and hiring, performance appraisal, employee productivity, and managerial communication. Prerequisites: BUED 330 - Advanced Business Technology . Offered yearly.
  
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    BUED 440 - Training and Employee Development


    (3 S.H.)

    An overview of the training and development field with an emphasis on the systems approach to training program design. Focuses on the key phases of training program development: reassessment, needs analysis, design implementation, and evaluation. Includes the principle of instructional design using the experiential learning approach. Offered yearly.
  
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    BUED 441 - Training Techniques and Media


    (3 S.H.)

    Instructional techniques, methods, and multimedia to use for effective employer-based learning delivery systems. Topics include trainer styles, training structures and formats, instructional presentation skills, training aids and technology, and computer-based training. A skills-based approach to effective training for adult learners. Offered yearly.
  
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    BUED 470 - Seminar in Training and Education for Business


    (1-3 S.H.)

    Specific subject matter is arranged by the BUED faculty. May be repeated when offered with different subject matter content and title. Offered when demand warrants.
  
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    BUED 480 - Independent Studies in Training and Education for Business


    (1-3 S.H.)

    Reading and/or research in relevant areas of a student’s special interest. Prerequisites: Instructor’s permission.
  
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    BUED 490 - Capstone Seminar


    (1 S.H.)

    A synthesis of major course work and internship experiences for seniors in BUED programs. A comprehensive analysis and compilation of students’ learning outcomes; a culminating experience and evaluation of indicators that demonstrate students’ success in achieving program learning outcome goals. Offered yearly.

Chemistry

  
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    CHEM 100 - Chemistry Appreciation


    (3 S.H.)

    Chemical concepts presented as lecture-demonstrations for students who wish to gain an appreciation of the chemical world. Meets General Education Program MnTC and University Studies requirements; not intended as preparation for other chemistry courses. Does not preclude taking any other chemistry courses for credit. Includes chemical demonstrations and use of the scientific method, including data collection and analysis. Not open to students who have earned credit in  . Offered each semester. Note: Meets GOAL 3 and GOAL 8.
  
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    CHEM 106 - Chemistry in Our World


    (3 S.H.)

    Intended to introduce students to chemistry and give them an appreciation and understanding of the role chemistry plays in their everyday lives. Topics covered include atomic structure, bonding, water, acid rain, and energy. This course is intended both for General Education Program-MnTC and University Studies requirements. It is a first course for students who have not had high school chemistry and wish to prepare to take other chemistry classes. Students may elect to take the course with lab (  or  ) which includes chemical demonstrations and use of the scientific method, including data collection and analysis. Offered each semester. Note: Students may enroll in either CHEM 106 or CHEM 107 - Chemistry in Our World with Lab , but they cannot earn credit for both courses. Not open to students who have earned credit in  . Meets GOAL 3 and GOAL 10.
  
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    CHEM 107 - Chemistry in Our World with Lab


    (4 S.H.)

    Intended to introduce students to chemistry and give them an appreciation and understanding of the role chemistry plays in their everyday lives. Topics covered include atomic structure, bonding, water, acid rain, and energy. This course is intended as a first course for students who have not had high school chemistry and wish to prepare to take other chemistry classes. Students may elect to take the course with lab (CHEM 107, 4 SH) or without lab ( ). Offered each semester. Note: Students may enroll in either CHEM 106 - Chemistry in Our World  or CHEM 107, but they cannot earn credit for both courses. Not open to students who have earned credit in  . Meets GOALS 3 and 10.
  
  
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    CHEM 180 - Investigative Science I: Physical Science in Your Environment


    (4 S.H.)

    An integrated science experience designed specifically for elementary education majors. Inquiry-based exploration of chemical and physical characteristics of nature in the regional and global community. Focus on development of pre-service student pedagogical content knowledge and connections to state and national science education standards as relates to teaching science in elementary schools. Meets GOAL 3. Lecture and laboratory combined. Grade only. Field trips required. Offered every semester. Note: Students can enroll in either BIOL 180, CHEM 180, GEOS 180 or PHYS 180, but they cannot earn credit for more than one course.
  
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    CHEM 185 - Investigative Science III: Scientific Investigation of your Environment


    (4 S.H.)

    An integrated Earth and Life Science experience through inquiry-based, hands-on exploration of Earth, Space and Life Science content. Emphasis on science education principles and connections to state and national science education standards. Meets GOAL 3. Lecture and laboratory combined. Prerequisites: BIOL 180, CHEM 180, GEOS 180, or PHYS 180. Grade only. Field trip required. Offered on demand. Note: Students can enroll in either BIOL 185, CHEM 185, GEOS 185 or PHYS 185, but they cannot earn credit for more than one course.
  
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    CHEM 190 - Forensic Chemistry


    (4 S.H.)

    This interdisciplinary course in forensic science meets the needs of criminal justice majors as well as students who desire a course that offers a broad scientific experience. This course will offer non-science majors opportunities to see the relevance of chemistry, biology, geology, and physics to their chosen professional life. It will provide an informative overview of techniques used by modern criminalistics labs and offer students a hands-on opportunity to explore the intricacies of how criminal investigation relies on forensic science. Through this course, students will gain an appreciation of how local law enforcement agencies rely on scientific studies for technical field work. Meets GOAL 3 and GOAL 9. Letter grade only. Offered yearly.
  
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    CHEM 210 - General, Organic, and Biochemistry


    (5 S.H.)

    A study of the principles of general, organic, and biological chemistry with emphasis on the numerous connections between chemistry and human health. Four lectures and one laboratory period per week.  Meets GOAL 3. Prerequisites: High school chemistry or CHEM 108 - Introductory General Chemistry  and MATH 100 - Survey of Mathematics  or qualifying score on mathematics placement exam. Letter grade only. Offered fall and spring semesters.
  
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    CHEM 212 - Principles of Chemistry I


    (4 S.H.)

    An in-depth study of the principles of chemistry including atomic structure, the chemical bond, solutions, thermodynamics, kinetics, acid-base theory, oxidation-reduction, complex ion equilibrium, and electrochemistry. Organic and inorganic examples are used when appropriate throughout the courses, and a short unit on organic chemistry is included. Laboratory and lecture are coordinated.  Meets GOAL 3. Prerequisites: High school intermediate algebra, concurrent enrollment in MATH 120 - Precalculus , or a higher-numbered mathematics course. Offered yearly.
  
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    CHEM 213 - Principles of Chemistry II


    (4 S.H.)

    An in-depth study of the principles of chemistry including atomic structure, the chemical bond, solutions, thermodynamics, kinetics, acid-base theory, oxidation-reduction, complex ion equilibrium, and electrochemistry. Organic and inorganic examples are used when appropriate throughout the courses, and a short unit on organic chemistry is included. Laboratory and lecture are coordinated.  Meets GOAL 3. Prerequisites: High school intermediate algebra, concurrent enrollment in MATH 120 - Precalculus , or a higher-numbered mathematics course. Offered yearly.
  
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    Chem 301 - Energy and Sustainable Living


    (3 S.H.)

    Participants in this class will have a broad exposure to issues in sustainability.  They will learn the basic ways to conserve energy and will learn about small scale renewable energy including information about current and emerging technology, site suitability, system sizing, and financial incentives that are available.  The student will also learn about alternative building options, ways to green up the home or business, and alternative transportation options.  Finally, this class will present information about emerging “green” jobs.  This class will be taught on-line as well as having a contextual field component.  The course does not count toward any of the degree requirements for the Chemistry major or minor.  The course does not substitute for any other Chemistry courses.
  
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    CHEM 311 - Science Teaching Methods


    (4 S.H.)

    The pedagogical studies of current research trends and modern technology in science education will be used to prepare science majors to teach secondary school science content and process. This course provides opportunity for the qualified teaching candidate to relate to modern educational approaches to practical knowledge and experience in techniques of planning and safely conducting inquiry-based science activities, including laboratories, discussions, cooperative learning opportunities, etc. This course is a prerequisite to student teaching. Prerequisites: Admission to the teacher education program, GPA of 2.75 or higher, and instructor’s permission. Letter grade only.
  
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    CHEM 312 - Practical Considerations of Teaching Science


    (2 S.H.)

    An opportunity for the qualified teaching candidate to obtain practical knowledge about and experience in teaching science content. Objectives include (1) program planning and evaluation; (2) evaluating current curriculum materials to determine their alignment with local, state, and national science standards; (3) modifying existing lessons and curriculum materials to align with those standards; (4) developing assessments that evaluate the learning of science concepts and methods of scientific inquiry; and (5) using research in science education to justify and defend a proposed instructional model or curriculum.  Credits may not be applied toward “electives” category of other programs in chemistry. Prerequisites: Admission to teacher education program, GPA of 2.75 or higher, and instructor’s permission.
  
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    CHEM 320 - Environmental Chemistry


    (4 S.H.)

    An introductory study of current environmental issues, emphasizing the chemistry and chemical interactions underlying these topics. The topics may include, but are not limited to, global warming, depletion of stratospheric ozone, ground level air chemistry and air pollution, organic chemicals in the environment, toxic heavy metals, chemistry of natural waters, and energy production and its environmental consequences.  Meets GOAL 10. Lecture and laboratory. Prerequisites: One year of general chemistry or instructor’s permission. Offered yearly.
  
  
  
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    CHEM 350 - Principles of Organic Chemistry I


    (4 S.H.)

    A thorough study of the chemistry of organic compounds, with emphasis on structure, properties, synthesis, purification, principles and mechanisms of reactions, instrumental methods, compound identification, and important biological and economic applications. Prerequisites: For CHEM 350: CHEM 212 - Principles of Chemistry I  and CHEM 213 - Principles of Chemistry II ; Offered yearly.
  
  
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    ◎ CHEM 360 - Chemical Information


    (2 S.H.)

    Finding chemical information by on- and off-line searching of data bases by computer and by hand-searching print-form reference works such as Chemical Abstracts, dictionaries, encyclopedias, index serials, formularies, treatises, and review serials. Lecture topics will also include units on patents, institutional publications and the primary periodical literature. Includes chemical information retrieval from the Internet as well as the preparation of a bibliography on a chemical topic using exhaustive manual and computer searching of the world’s literature. Prerequisites: Credit or concurrent enrollment in CHEM 340 - Organic Chemistry Survey  or CHEM 350 - Principles of Organic Chemistry I . Grade only. Offered yearly.
  
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    CHEM 375 - Clinical Biochemistry


    (4 S.H.)

    One semester introduction to the chemistry of living systems. Includes laboratory. Emphasis will be placed on the structure and function of major biochemical molecules, including carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids. An overview of metabolism, including anabolic and catabolic processes, will be given. Enzymatic catalysis, regulation of metabolism and transmission and expression of genetic information will be included. A major focus will be the relationship between biochemical processes and diagnosing and treating human disease. Prerequisites: CHEM 340 - Organic Chemistry Survey  or  CHEM 350 - Principles of Organic Chemistry I  and  CHEM 351 - Principles of Organic Chemistry II . Grade only. Offered yearly.
  
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    CHEM 399 - Chemistry Internship


    (1-6 S.H.)

    Supervised industrial, business, or government experience designed by the WSU chemistry faculty advisor, the work supervisor, and the student. Open only to the chemistry major or minor whose GPA in science and mathematics is 2.5 or better and who receives departmental approval. Prerequisites: CHEM 425 - Analytical Chemistry I . P/ NC option available, but only up to 4 S.H.; may be taken for letter grade. Offered yearly.
  
  
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    CHEM 401 - Biochemistry II


    (3 S.H.)

    Introduction to the chemistry of living organisms; emphasis on the structure and function of proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, and nucleic acids; enzymatic catalysis, thermodynamics, control and integration of metabolic processes; nucleotide metabolism and expression and transmission of genetic information. Prerequisite for CHEM 401: △ CHEM 400 - Biochemistry I . Offered yearly.
  
  
  
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    CHEM 411 - Synthesis and Characterization of Materials


    (3 S.H.)

    An in-depth study of polymer synthesis and characterization. The lecture portion of the course will focus on the controlled synthesis of polymeric materials including strategies for controlling polymer molecular weight, polymer architecture, and polymer microstructure. Characterization of polymers using spectroscopy, microscopy, and diffraction techniques will also be covered. The laboratory portion of the course will include synthesis of polymers using traditional addition and condensation polymerization techniques and using more recently developed methods including ROMP and ATRP. Characterization of polymers will include viscometry, thermal analysis, and spectroscopic methods. Prerequisites: CHEM 410 - Polymer Chemistry . Offered every other year.
  
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    ◆ CHEM 412 - Physical Chemistry I


    (3 S.H.)

    States of matter and equation of states. Thermodynamics of one component and multi-component systems. Equilibria. Computer applications. An introduction to quantum mechanics and spectroscopy. Prerequisites: One year each of college chemistry and physics and credit or concurrent enrollment in calculus. Offered yearly.
  
  
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    ◆ CHEM 414 - Physical Chemistry II


    (3 S.H.)

    Quantum Chemistry. Chemical Kinetics: rate laws, mechanisms, temperature-dependence, catalysis. Boltzmann’s distribution. Theories of reaction rates: collision model, transition state theory, diffusion and activation-controlled reactions, quantum mechanical tunneling, isotope effects. Properties of multi-component solutions. Electrochemistry. Statistical Mechanics. Prerequisites: ◆ CHEM 412 - Physical Chemistry I . Offered yearly.
  
  
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    CHEM 425 - Analytical Chemistry I


    (4 S.H.)

    A sequence of courses stressing modern analytical chemistry. A study of the theory and practice of the quantitative examination of chemical systems. CHEM 425 covers volumetric and fundamental visible spectrophotometric methods. △ CHEM 426 - Analytical Chemistry II  covers the instrumental methods of UV-vis, emission, and AA spectroscopy, electrical methods, and gas and liquid chromatography. Prerequisite for CHEM 425: one year of chemistry. Grade only. Offered yearly.
  
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    △ CHEM 426 - Analytical Chemistry II


    (4 S.H.)

    A sequence of courses stressing modern analytical chemistry. A study of the theory and practice of the quantitative examination of chemical systems. CHEM 425 - Analytical Chemistry I  covers volumetric and fundamental visible spectrophotometric methods. CHEM 426 covers the instrumental methods of UV-vis, emission, and AA spectroscopy, electrical methods, and gas and liquid chromatography. Prerequisites for CHEM 426: CHEM 425 - Analytical Chemistry I  and ◆ CHEM 412 - Physical Chemistry I . Offered yearly.
  
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    CHEM 427 - Topics in Instrumental Chemistry


    (1-2 S.H.)

    Selected topics from the principles and application of the instrumental methods of IR, UV-vis, and AA spectroscopy; NMR and mass spectrometry; gas and liquid chromatography. Prerequisites: Organic and analytical chemistry and instructor’s permission. Offered every two or three years.
  
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    △ CHEM 430 - Individual Projects in Chemistry


    (1-3 S.H.)

    An opportunity for the qualified advanced undergraduate to work independently on chemical research under the direction of a chemistry faculty member. A careful write-up of results is required. Time-arranged. Prerequisites: 13 semester hours in chemistry and instructor’s permission. May not be taken for more than three credits per semester; may be repeated to a total of 11 credits. Offered each semester.
  
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    CHEM 436 - Topics in Environmental Chemistry


    (3 S.H.)

    This course covers advanced topics in environmental chemistry. Topics studied will depend upon the interest of the class and may include topics such as acid rain, endocrine disruption, risk assessment, global warming, and bioaccumulation. Prerequisites: CHEM 320 - Environmental Chemistry  or instructor’s permission. Offered every other year.
  
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    CHEM 438 - Medicinal Chemistry


    (2 S.H.)

    An introductory course describing selected topics in the chemistry of synthetic and naturally occurring organic medicinals. Chemical structure and its relationship to biological activity. Lecture and problem-solving discussions. Prerequisites: CHEM 340 - Organic Chemistry Survey  or CHEM 350 - Principles of Organic Chemistry I . Offered every two or three years.
  
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    CHEM 439 - Biochemistry of Drug Metabolism


    (2 S.H.)

    An advanced elective that emphasizes the qualitative and quantitative chemistry of drug metabolism. Topics include pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics, drug absorption, distribution and excretion, phase I and phase II biotransformation, principles of therapeutics, and toxicology. Prerequisites: CHEM 401 - Biochemistry II  or instructor’s permission. Offered every three years.
  
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    CHEM 447 - Advanced Organic Chemistry


    (2 S.H.)

    Chemical kinetics, thermodynamics, stereochemical concepts, and the use of isotopes are applied to organic reaction mechanisms. The study of molecular orbital theory forms the basis for predicting reaction mechanisms. Lecture course. Prerequisites: CHEM 351 - Principles of Organic Chemistry II  and ◆ CHEM 412 - Physical Chemistry I . Offered every two or three years.
  
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    CHEM 450 - Advanced Inorganic Chemistry I


    (4 S.H.)

    Descriptive and theoretical approaches to inorganic reactions and structures with emphasis on structural concepts including symmetry and group theory and molecular orbital theory. Laboratory work includes the preparation of various main group and transition metal compounds and use of modern instruments in characterizing these compounds. Prerequisites: ◆ CHEM 412 - Physical Chemistry I . Offered yearly.
  
  
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    CHEM 460 - Chemistry Research Proposal


    (1 S.H.)

    In this course, students learn how to develop an effective research proposal. Elements of a good proposal and clear, concise writing are emphasized. Students are required to write and present a research proposal. Prerequisites: ◎ CHEM 360 - Chemical Information  and instructor’s permission. Grade only. Offered each spring.
  
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    CHEM 461 - Chemistry Research


    (1-3 S.H.)

    Students conduct chemistry research on the topics of their research proposals completed in CHEM 460 - Chemistry Research Proposal . A formal research report is required at the completion of CHEM 461. Time is arranged with research advisor. Prerequisites: CHEM 460 - Chemistry Research Proposal  and instructor’s permission. Grade only. Offered each semester. May be repeated up to 10 credits.
  
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    CHEM 470 - Isotope, Nuclear and Radiochemistry


    (2 S.H.)

    Introduction and basic treatment of the nucleus with emphasis on concepts in chemistry. Interactions of radiation with matter. Nuclear structure, stabilities and associated radioactive decay processes. Applications in nuclear reactors, particle accelerators, and medical therapies.  Prerequisite: ◆ CHEM 412 - Physical Chemistry I . Offered every two or three years.
  
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    CHEM 472 - Quantum Chemistry and Spectroscopy


    (2 S.H.)

    Description of quantum mechanics and application to spectroscopy of atoms and molecules. Discussion of spectroscopic techniques includes detailed derivations of microwave, infra-red, Raman, electronic, NMR, and ESR spectra. Perturbation Theory and Group Theory are introduced to determine structure of polyatomic molecules. Prerequisites: ◆ CHEM 412 - Physical Chemistry I . Offered every two or three years.
  
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    ◎ CHEM 475 - Seminar in Chemistry


    (1 S.H.)

    Students are expected to make oral and poster presentations on literature or laboratory research. Exploration of presentations by persons outside the department is included. Additional outreach opportunities will be scheduled as permitted. Prerequisite: 20 semester hours of chemistry. Offered yearly.

Child Advocacy Studies

  
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    CAST 301 - Child Advocacy Studies I: Perspectives on Child Maltreatment and Child Advocacy


    (3 S.H.)

    This is the introductory course for child advocacy studies. This course covers the history, comparative perspectives, legal framework, responses to child maltreatment, skills necessary to do the work, other pertinent issues pertaining to child maltreatment and child advocacy, and the future. The field of child maltreatment is fraught with controversy. Much of the class focuses on these controversies. The approach of the course will be from a variety of professional perspectives, including that of a prosecuting attorney versus a defense attorney. The course is designed for students majoring in criminal justice, education, social work, sociology, psychology, nursing, paralegal, or other areas in which knowledge of child maltreatment and advocating for children might be necessary. Much of the work will be hands-on. Meets GOAL 5. Grade only. Note:  

    Effective Spring 2014: The title of this course will change to “Perspectives on Child Maltreatment and Child Advocacy.” The course description will changed to: “This course will cover the history of child maltreatment and child advocacy in the United States and around the world, the current theoretical perspectives for understanding child maltreatment, the definitions of child maltreatment, an introduction to the professional responses to child maltreatment, an introduction to advocacy for children, and contemporary issues in the fields of child maltreatment and child advocacy.” This course will also meet GOAL 9.

  
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    CAST 302 - Global Child Advocacy Issues


    (3 S.H.)

    This is a core course for the child advocacy studies minor. The purpose is to prepare students to recognize child advocacy issues around the world. The course is designed for students majoring in criminal justice, education, social work, sociology, psychology, nursing, paralegal, or other areas in which knowledge of child maltreatment and advocating for children will be necessary. Multidisciplinary approaches to advocacy in different countries throughout the world will be presented and discussed. Meets GOAL 8. Prerequisites: None. Note: CAST 302 is in the University Studies Unity and Diversity—Global Perspectives category.
  
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    CAST 401 - Professional and System Responses to Child Maltreatment


    (4 S.H.)

    This course focuses on the responses of professionals to allegations of child maltreatment. The purpose is to expand the student’s knowledge and skills in identifying, investigating, and prosecuting child maltreatment. The course is designed for students majoring in criminal justice, education, social work, sociology, psychology, nursing, paralegal, and other areas in which knowledge of child maltreatment investigation and advocacy are necessary. Students will receive competency-based skills training such as forensic interviewing, documentation, and so on. Prerequisites: CAST 301 - Child Advocacy Studies I: Perspectives on Child Maltreatment and Child Advocacy . Recommended prerequisites: Developmental psychology and communication courses.
  
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    CAST 402 - Responding to the Survivor of Child Abuse and Survivor Responses


    (4 S.H.)

    The purpose of this course is to prepare students to recognize the effects of child maltreatment and to apply intervention strategies for children and their families. Multidisciplinary approaches to prevention, advocacy, and treatment of child maltreatment survivors will be presented and discussed. The course is designed for students majoring in criminal justice, education, social work, sociology, psychology, nursing, paralegal, or other areas in which knowledge of child maltreatment and advocating for children will be necessary. The experiential lab for this course involves courtroom observation and interaction with children. Prerequisites: CAST 301 - Child Advocacy Studies I: Perspectives on Child Maltreatment and Child Advocacy , CAST 401 - Professional and System Responses to Child Maltreatment , or instructor’s permission.
  
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    CAST 403 - Child Exploitation, Pornography, and the Internet


    (3 S.H.)

    The overall goal of this course is the study and analysis of child sexual abuse and the manner in which human and social services respond to this problem. Specifically, this course will examine the predatory actions of offenders who engage in child sexual abuse and exploitation. Included in this assessment is an understanding of how perpetrators use computers, the Internet, and emerging technologies to exploit children. Students will also learn how social services and the criminal justice system respond to this phenomenon. Thus, the student will understand and appreciate the roles of law enforcement, forensics, courts, social workers, and health service providers in the detection, investigation, and prosecution of this form of child exploitation.
  
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    CAST 404 - Sociology of Child Poverty


    (3 S.H.)

    Students will analyze poverty and child poverty in the U.S. while placing both in an international and historical context. They will understand the demographics of poverty and the effects of poverty on children. They will critically evaluate sociological research and theories for poverty and child poverty. Students will also evaluate societal responses to poverty and child poverty, particularly as they relate to child maltreatment. This course is useful for students in fields such as nursing, criminal justice, education, social work, sociology, pre-medicine, and pre-law.
  
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    CAST 405 - Gender, Violence, and Society


    (4 S.H.)

    This course introduces students to the roots of gender-based violence, the political and the cultural structures that perpetuate it; the course also explores how this violence might be brought to an end. Students will investigate the local and global impact of violence; how gendered violence intersects with race, class, sexuality, age, physical ability and the oppressions that are linked to these identities; and strategies for addressing gender-based violence. The overlap between gender-based violence and child abuse and neglect will be addressed under each topic. As part of the class, students will complete a 45-hour advocacy training requirement and 15 hours of volunteer advocacy work offered in partnership with the Women’s Resource Center of Winona Course time will be divided between 2 credits of lab and 2 credits of theory. Prerequisites: CAST 301 - Child Advocacy Studies I: Perspectives on Child Maltreatment and Child Advocacy  or instructor’s permission.
  
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    CAST 406 - Child Advocacy Research Studies


    (3 S.H.)

    Students will read, interpret, and evaluate the significance of research findings to child advocacy study. The course helps students understand the role of research and information technology in providing evidence-based practice for child advocacy study within their respective disciplines. Students work in small groups to critique research studies and synthesize their knowledge of the research process in the analysis of several studies. These studies focus on concepts relevant to child advocacy such as the effects of maltreatment, prevention and education; cultural elements of practice; as well as other factors that influence practice with families affected by maltreatment. This course also examines research design, ethical issues in research, the professional’s role in research, and the application of technology. Students will explore the use of computers and technology for processing and managing data. Prerequisites: CAST 301 - Child Advocacy Studies I: Perspectives on Child Maltreatment and Child Advocacy , CAST 401 - Professional and System Responses to Child Maltreatment , and CAST 402 - Responding to the Survivor of Child Abuse and Survivor Responses , or instructor’s permission.
  

Chinese Language

  
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    CHIN 101 - Beginning Chinese I


    (4 S.H.)

    Beginning Chinese 101 is designed to acquaint students with grammatical structures and vocabulary appropriate for beginning learners. Instruction focuses on development of all four skills (speaking, listening, reading, and writing) and cultural knowledge. Meets GOAL 8. Effective Spring 2014: Grade and P/NC. Offered once a year.
  
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    CHIN 102 - Beginning Chinese II


    (4 S.H.)

    Continuation of CHIN 101 - Beginning Chinese I . CHIN 102 is designed to acquaint students with grammatical structures and vocabulary appropriate for beginning learners. Instruction focuses on development of all four skills (speaking, listening, reading, and writing) and cultural knowledge.  Meets GOAL 8. Prerequisite: CHIN 101 - Beginning Chinese I  or equivalent. Effective Spring 2014: Grade and P/NC. Offered once a year.
  
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    CHIN 201 - Intermediate Chinese I


    (4 S.H.)

    CHIN 201 introduces students to more advanced beginning Mandarin pronunciation, grammar, and orthography (in both Pinyin and characters). Instruction focuses on development of all four skills (speaking, listening, reading, and writing) and cultural knowledge. Meets GOAL 8. Effective Spring 2014: Grade and P/NC. Offered once a year.
  
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    CHIN 202 - Intermediate Chinese II


    (4 S.H.)

    CHIN 202 continues to introduce students to more advanced beginning Mandarin pronunciation, grammar, and orthography (in both Pinyin and characters). Instruction focuses on development of all four skills (speaking, listening, reading, and writing) and cultural knowledge. Meets GOAL 8. Effective Spring 2014: Grade and P/NC. Offered once a year.
  
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    CHIN 301 - Advanced Chinese


    (4 S.H.)

    CHIN 301 is designed for students who have completed two years of college-level training in Chinese to continue to develop their skills of aural understanding, speaking, reading and writing. Students will continue to improve their linguistic skills with a manageable degree of challenge. At the functional level, this course aims at helping students solidify their ability to comprehend and produce paragraph-level Chinese. It enables students to understand face-to-face conversations on most familiar topics, give factual accounts, read materials written in formal shumianyu Chinese, and write simple essays, reports, and all types of correspondence. Effective Spring 2014: Grade and P/NC. Offered once a year.
  
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    CHIN 302 - Advanced Chinese II


    (4 S.H.)

    This course is designed for students who received a grade of B or higher in CHIN 301, or equivalent as determined by the placement test, to continue to develop their skills of aurally understanding, speaking, reading and writing in Chinese. Students will strengthen and further develop their language skills and cultural literacy by using a diversity of authentic materials and multimedia, such as news, videos, films and the Internet, pertaining to Chinese issues and values. Students will continue to improve their linguistic skills with a manageable degree of challenge. At the functional level, this course aims at helping students solidify their ability to comprehend and produce paragraph and discourse level Chinese. Topics include both traditional and contemporary Chinese social and cultural issues. By identifying, discussing, analyzing, in both oral and written forms of Chinese, students will acquire a better understanding of the language, culture, and Chinese society. Effective Spring 2014: Grade and P/NC. Offered once a year.

Communication Studies

  
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    CMST 101 - Speaking Confidently


    (1 S.H.)

    This one-credit course is designed to prepare students with high communication apprehension (CA) for speaking-intensive classes. It provides an overview of what CA is, and the contexts in which it occurs, and the short- and long-term effects it can have on speakers. Students will identify dimensions that trigger their own CA, and learn techniques to reduce anxiety about public speaking situations. Offered on demand.
  
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    CMST 191 - Introduction to Public Speaking


    (3 S.H.)

    Includes selection and organization of materials, delivery of common types of speeches, listening skills, and analysis and evaluation of presentations.  Meets GOAL 1. Grade only. Offered each semester.
  
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    CMST 192 - Introduction to Speech Communication


    (3 S.H.)

    This course introduces students to the concepts, models, and theories of human communication and their application to interpersonal, small groups, and public speaking situations.  Meets GOAL 1. Grade only. Offered each semester.
  
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    CMST 195 - Nonverbal Communication


    (3 S.H.)

    Explores how nonverbal messages create meaning in a variety of interpersonal, group and public contexts. Examines how appearance, touch, space, environment, time and objects communicate social and cultural identity. Meets GOAL 5. Offered yearly.
  
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    CMST 266 - Professional Communication Skills


    (3 S.H.)

    Explore and apply theories necessary for appropriate and effective communication in diverse professional and organizational settings.  The course emphasizes group collaboration, and oral communication skills, including presentational speaking and the use of presentational technology.  The course prepares students to interview for and work in organizational settings, internships, and consulting.  Prerequisites: CMST 191 - Introduction to Public Speaking  or CMST 192 - Introduction to Speech Communication . Offered yearly.
  
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    CMST 281 - Intercultural Communication


    (3 S.H.)

    Identify and apply intercultural communication theories to intercultural situations and to communication between co-cultures in and outside of the U.S.  This course prepares students to communicate with people from other cultures in interpersonal, group, and organizational settings. Meets GOAL 8. Offered each semester.
  
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    CMST 282 - Introduction to Communication Studies


    (3 S.H.)

    This course provides an overview of  theories, as well as qualitative and quantitative research methods, in Communication Studies.  Students will use communication theory to analyze, explain, critique, and problem solve interpersonal, group, cultural, and organizational issues related to communication.  Meets GOAL 5. Offered each semester.
  
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    CMST 283 - Introduction to Rhetorical Studies


    (3 S.H.)

    This course provides an introduction to the study of rhetoric and rhetorical criticism. The primary focus of the course is on the manner in which people use public communication to influence the behavior of others.  Meets GOAL 6 (Humanities). Prerequisites: CMST 191 - Introduction to Public Speaking  or CMST 192 - Introduction to Speech Communication  or sophomore standing. Offered each semester.
 

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